Just for fun: Frivolous and sundry Questions about bees.
1. In the caste system bee colonies have, at what age or level are some of the less desirable jobs sorted out? These job offerings would be following the post young-ling housekeeper, nursery bee.
We have some spiffy get out of the hive jobs. The Scout, the Pollen Collector, the Nectar Collector.
But when, how and why do some become the hive undertakers and the more challenging bouncer at the gate?
After watching one bee return and having difficulty bringing in the sticky propolis I must also wonder if this is a demotion of sorts. YOU miscreant, are on propolis duty for the rest of your sticky life!
2. This is pure conjecture after seeing a Drone return with either some sort of leg extension or was it simply, did he return with a hard on after not finding a queen. I may be part of the problem here as I removed some potential queen cells and future happy time for him and they are situated in a rather underpopulated hive area. I doubt the local congregation bar has many other visiting queens.
3. This is a Darwinian question regarding the dispersal of honey bees vs. the bumblebee.
IMO the honey bee is far more conservative when it comes to expansion … sending the mature and short flighted OLD queen to find new territory. The Bumblebee, says none of that. The queen stays in her roost and it is the young queens that must fly out to find a new nest …. much more like most mammalian species including humankind. ** More on this!
As for that task of thinning down the fat old queen and gambling on that girl to repopulate a new working home does not make much sense. Certainly not to the point of emptying out the nest with 50 percent of the gals and HOPING the left behind virgin queen and princesses in waiting step up to the fertilization plate.*
1. That old queen and entourage have a limited future at best.
2. The replacement queen may be eaten by a black hornet, bird or simply fail to mate because of weather. All a gamble and certainly not a winning way to expand territory or a good example of reproductive survival.
I have no clue as to the why of this. The stay at home approach and let the children find their evolutionary way seems far better if you ask me.
The common observation: “ensures lots of genetic diversity and only the strongest and fastest males get to cast their genes into the next generation.” is a bit questionable if you also suggest that she will ignore the guys from her own hive. They might actually be the fastest, the closest and the most numerous.
I would argue that for the FIRST observation to be true … she must certainly lollygag around up there and wait until Mr. Right comes along, that nice blond fella with the Italian accent. Or for the Italian queen, that dark fella.
SEE, this frivolous post might have some legs to it. Fun to fool around with.*
That swarm with the old gal, sometimes ends dead in the water when she cannot even get but 100 feet from her former site. Best case scenario being that the frustrated scouts go out again and try to find another close home, but with a needed distance still further away. If she cannot handle that flight it is back into the nest for more fitness training until she can go the distance.*Finally, some opt to nest in a nasty but close-by branch.
None of that is very clever when it comes to expanding and better exploiting the local floral environment.**
Young queens, newly hatched would have no difficulty in flying a mile away from the hive This system makes no sense at all.*
Both old and young queens still have fertility issues to deal with. The former is at the end of her reproductive life and basically might just engineer enough new larvae for a supercedure cell or at worst emergency cells before she croaks or stops laying.
The young queen alternative would still need to establish herself within the former drone congregation area to be sure she gets fertilized. Also limiting the expansion of this colony.
African queens do this better by the number having many explosive princess swarms all with nice healthy ready to go workers. Think part of that is that they produce brood faster, meaning they bring in pollen better than mellifera. So they swarm more and expand their territory more quickly. A great survival trait.
It might also suggest that they FLY FASTER (or do they have more drones?) so they could mate with the other friendlier types and so hybridize successfully.
End of the poor European line.
Other issue, were drones available for the new queen? Always a gamble, getting fertilized without being eaten by a bird or a hornet.